Key Words

Co-Production – working with people from different academic areas, people who work in local government, industry experts and the public to create an outcome that improves things for people. 


Health Inequalities – are where some peoples’ health is affected more than others. In the TRUUD project we are looking at how the way we travel and how we design our towns, cities, roads and homes create and maintain these inequalities. The outcome of the project is to see how we can change our urban environments to reduce or remove health inequalities. 


Impact refers to having “an influence on something” (Cambridge University Dictionary) 

In academia, impact can refer to “the demonstrable contribution that excellent research makes to society and the economy” (UKRI), where “impact is defined as an effect on, or change or benefit to the economy, society, culture, public policy or services, health, the environment or quality of life, beyond academia.” (REF, 2018, p4) 


Intervention – The TRUUD project seeks to make changes to the system by intervening at different levels such as the national government, working with developers or the local council. The aim of the intervention is to make a lasting change that will improve peoples’ health. 


Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) – Non-Communicable Diseases are illnesses that cannot be passed from person to person, such as diabetes, heart disease and poor mental health. 


Upstream – the TRUUD project uses the analogy of a stream to explain how peoples’ health is impacted by the urban environment. In a stream the water flows from the source to the sea. The start of the river is the national government, land-owners, local authorities being ‘upstream’. Peoples’ health is ‘downstream’ of these decisions. 

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